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Fuel Cells in Aerospace and Defense Market Size is expected to reach USD 2,379.50 Million by 2031, Growing at a CAGR of 31.0% | Econ Market Research

Dec 14, 2023 12:00 PM ET

Fuel Cells in Aerospace and Defense Market Size is expected to reach USD 2,379.50 Million by 2031, Growing at a CAGR of 31.0% | Econ Market Research

The global Fuel Cells In Aerospace And Defense Market is projected to reach USD 2,379.50 million by 2031, at a CAGR of 31.0%, from USD 208.65 million in 2022. The fuel cells in aerospace and defense market is expected to continue to grow in the coming years due to the ongoing advancements in fuel cell technology, enhanced energy security, and the need to reduce greenhouse gas emission.

In the aerospace and defense industries, fuel cells have become a game-changer because they provide a dependable, clean power source for a variety of uses. These electrochemical devices have attracted a lot of interest lately because of their potential to completely change the energy landscape of the industry. In contrast to conventional combustion engines, fuel cells produce energy by reacting hydrogen and oxygen chemically, with water being the sole byproduct. This clean energy production is especially appealing for military applications since it not only lowers carbon emissions but also improves operating invisibility and durability. Fuel cells have found widespread application in the aerospace and defense industry, encompassing ground-based equipment, submarines, and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Fuel cell technology uses hydrogen, a commonly available fuel source, to provide longer mission durations, quieter operation, and less logistical load. It therefore has the potential to enhance defensive operations’ capacities and efficacy. Furthermore, fuel cell technology is attracting research and investment because to the growing worldwide emphasis on energy efficiency and sustainability, which makes it a viable option for both commercial and military aircraft applications. Fuel cells are expected to have a significant influence on the manner in which aerospace and defense technology develop in the future as the industry keeps evolving and adapting.

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In March 2023, the examination of ZeroAvia’s high-temperature fuel cells has unveiled significant potential for hydrogen-electric propulsion in both aircraft and rotorcraft. To achieve a commercially feasible product for energy-intensive applications like large fixed-wing aircraft and rotorcraft, it is imperative to enhance temperature and pressure within fuel cell stacks. The advancement of aviation fuel cell technology plays a pivotal role in realizing genuinely zero-emission commercial flight. Elevating temperature and pressure levels is essential to facilitate the air-cooling process for these applications.

In September 2023, long-range drones using hydrogen fuel storage are being developed by Honeywell and DOE. The Department of Energy and the military behemoth have teamed up for a year to prototype a revolutionary device that turns solid hydrogen into power.

In June 2023, Airbus uses a fuel cell to reach full power during ground testing. As part of its ZeroE research program, the European aircraft maker is developing a propulsion system based on hydrogen fuel cells. Three zero-emission aircraft are the goal of ZeroE.


Segment Analysis and Market Dynamics

Based on product, the global fuel cells in aerospace and defense market is divided into PEMFC, SOFC. The PEMFC category dominates the market with the largest revenue share. PEMFCs, or Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells, are known for their efficiency, rapid start-up, and responsiveness to varying power demands. They are widely used in aerospace applications, including unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and portable power units. PEMFCs operate at lower temperatures, making them suitable for applications where quick power generation is essential. Their lightweight and compact design make them ideal for aircraft, where space and weight constraints are critical. SOFCs, or Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, operate at higher temperatures and offer higher energy conversion efficiencies. They find applications in defense sectors such as submarines and auxiliary power units for military vehicles. SOFCs are valued for their durability, longevity, and ability to use a variety of fuels, including hydrogen, natural gas, and even diesel, which can be advantageous in military operations. The commercial aircraft’s segment is the largest segment of the fuel cells in aerospace and defense market based on application in aerospace. Commercial airlines are under increasing pressure to reduce their carbon footprint and operating costs. Fuel cells offer a viable solution to address these concerns as they provide a clean, energy-efficient alternative to traditional auxiliary power units (APUs) and ground power units (GPUs) used during aircraft ground operations. Based on the application the military drones/UAVs and military vehicles are the segments of the global fuel cell in aerospace and defense market. The segment with the largest revenue share, military vehicles, leads the market. Military vehicles equipped with fuel cells can generate power independently, reducing dependence on external supply lines and enhancing energy security. This is particularly crucial during deployments in remote or hostile environments. The adoption of fuel cells in military vehicles aligns with the military’s commitment to sustainability and cost savings. The reduced fuel consumption and maintenance requirements contribute to cost-effective operations. Energy efficiency and lowering carbon emissions are becoming more and more important. Fuel cells provide a low-carbon substitute, which is especially important when it comes to solving sustainability issues in the defense and aerospace industries. Fuel cells are an appealing option because governments and defense agencies throughout the world are pushing for greener and cleaner energy alternatives. Fuel cell technology has advanced quickly, becoming more dependable, economical, and efficient. Fuel cells can now be used in a wider range of applications, including submarines, auxiliary power units, unmanned aerial vehicles, and portable power sources. Additionally, investments in energy security are being driven by security concerns and geopolitical tensions. By providing a decentralized and dependable power source, fuel cells lessen reliance on brittle supply lines and conventional fossil fuels. Security and mission capabilities are improved by this. However, obstacles continue to exist, including the requirement for additional cost reduction and the constraints of the infrastructure for the production and distribution of hydrogen. Because of the way these elements interact, the aerospace and military market is a dynamic one where fuel cell technology is expected to grow further and adapt to the changing demands of the sector

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Regional Analysis

The fuel cells in aerospace and defense market in North America is expected to lead globally. With a strong emphasis on R&D and innovation, North America is home to a sizable aerospace and military sector. The United States, in particular, has a well-established ecosystem for the integration of cutting-edge solutions like fuel cells and makes significant investments in defense technologies. In North America, the use of fuel cells and other cleaner energy sources has increased due to strict pollution rules and environmental consciousness. Fuel cell technology is becoming more and more in demand as the aerospace and military industry aggressively seeks environmentally acceptable alternatives in line with larger sustainability aims. The regulatory framework in North America facilitates the advancement and application of fuel cell technologies. Fuel cell manufacturers and developers find this region appealing because of the availability of incentives, grants, and funding options aimed at promoting research and implementation. Fuel cells have become more affordable and technologically advanced in the region, which makes them more desirable for use in aerospace and defense applications. This has been made possible by significant investments in fuel cell research and development made by government agencies, defense contractors, and private businesses. Fuel cell technology vendors frequently work with North American aerospace and defense firms to develop innovative solutions. This cooperation encourages the use of fuel cells in a variety of applications, such as military vehicles and unmanned aerial vehicles. While conducting military operations, energy security is crucial. In the region, fuel cells are highly prized for their decentralized and dependable power source, which lessens reliance on unstable supply networks.

The report Fuel Cells In Aerospace And Defense Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report by Product (PEMFC, SOFC), by Application In Aerospace (Commercial Aircraft’s, Rotocrafts ), by Application In Defense (Military Drones/UAV, Military Vehicles), and by Region (North America, Europe, APAC, MEA, and CSA), and Segment Forecasts, 2023 – 2031” is available now to Econ Market Research customers and can also be purchased directly from:

Further key findings from the report suggest:

  • The global fuel cells in aerospace and defense market is predicted to register a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 31.0% over the projected period of 2023-2031.
  • North America will be the leading region of the global fuel cells in aerospace and defense market during the forecast period of 2023-2031.
  • The major key players in the global fuel cells in aerospace and defense market are: Honeywell International Inc.; Advent Technologies; Infinity Fuel Cell and Hydrogen; Inc.; Australian Fuel Cells Pty Ltd.; Intelligent Energy Limited; Cummins Inc.; HyPoint; Inc.; ITM Power; ElringKlinger AG; GenCell Ltd.; Plug Power; Inc.; and Loop Energy Inc..

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Econ Market Research has segmented the global fuel cells in aerospace and defense market based on product, application in aerospace, application in defense and region:

Fuel Cells In Aerospace And Defense Market by Product (Revenue, USD Billion, 2023-2031)

  • SOFC

Fuel Cells In Aerospace And Defense Market by Application In Aerospace (Revenue, USD Billion, 2023-2031)

  • Commercial Aircraft’s
  • Rotocrafts

Fuel Cells In Aerospace And Defense Market by Application In Defense (Revenue, USD Billion, 2023-2031)

  • Military Drones/UAV
  • Military Vehicles

Fuel Cells In Aerospace And Defense Market Regional Analysis (Revenue, USD Billion, 2023-2031)

  • North America
    • U.S.
    • Canada
    • Mexico
  • Europe
    • Germany
    • U.K.
    • France
    • Italy
    • Spain
    • Rest of Europe
  • Asia Pacific
    • China
    • India
    • Japan
    • South Korea
    • Australia
    • Rest of Asia Pacific
  • Middle East & Africa
    • Saudi Arabia
    • UAE
    • South Africa
    • Rest of MEA
  • Latin America
    • Brazil
    • Argentina
    • Rest of Latin America 

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